If you were asked to list Dutch dog breeds, how many would you know? Would you have guessed that there are nine breeds? Actually eleven, if we consider the three coat varieties of the Dutch Shepherd as independent breeds. Most Dutch breeds are very rare and you seldom see them outside their native country.

On this page you can find a short summary of their appearance, the FCI Breed Standard and the link to the website of the official Dutch Breed Club.

The Dutch Breeds are:

  • Hollandse Herdershond / Dutch Shepherd Dog
  • Nederlandse Schapendoes / Dutch Schapendoes
  • Saarlooswolfhond / Saarloos Wolfdog
  • Hollandse Smoushond / Dutch Smoushond
  • Stabyhoun / Frisian Pointing Dog
  • Wetterhoun / Frisian Water Dog
  • Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
  • Drentsche Patrijshond / Drentsche Partridge Dog
  • Markiesje.

 

 

Book on Dutch Breeds
This splendid book was published in 2002 to mark the 100th anniversary of the Dutch Kennel Club 'Raad van Beheer'. All nine Dutch breeds are examined in depth ech with its own chapter. The book is illustrated with full colour photographs by renowned photographer Alice van Kempen. Full colour, ca. 200 pages.

You can order a copy of the book using the order form under the "Registration & ordering" button.

 

 

 

 

Hollandse Herdershond / Dutch Shepherd Dog

The Dutch Shepherd Dog was highly valued as an independent working dog.
He kept the large flocks of sheep which up to the end of the nineteenth century roamed in rural Netherlands grazing the land.
The breed club, the second oldest in The Netherlands, was founded in 1898 by interested parties aiming to preserve this breed as a part of the national cultural heritage.
The standard limited the coat varieties to short, long and rough, and the coat colour to gold or silver brindle (also blue-grey and pepper and salt in the rough).
Nowadays the Dutch Sheperd's ability to work is evident mainly in dog sports, but a few still work with flocks.
Height at the withers for dogs 57-62 centimeters, bitches 55-60 centimeters.

Saarlooswolfhond /Saarloos Wolfdog

The Saarloos Wolfdog was created in the 1930st. by Leendert Saarloos who wanted to improve the qualities of his beloved breed the German Shepherd Dog.

He began byintroducing wolf blood and then focussed on behavioural characteristics. Exterior was not important to him. At the time the breed won the Raad van Beheer recognition (six years after Saarloos’ death in 1969), fate had it that the wolflike exterior of the Saarlooswolfhond formed an important part of the breed’s profile, together with a reserved, reliable, sociable and independent temperament, which is also reminiscent of the wolf in his early ancestry.

Height for dogs 65-75 centimeters, for bitches 60-70 centimeters.

Nederlandse Schapendoes / Dutch Schapendoes

The Dutch Schapendoes has the same native breed origin as the Dutch Shepherd dog, being the smaller variety, whose task was to herd the flock when moving. The breed club, founded in 1947, successfully reconstructed the breed, which was virtually extinct at that time.

The Schapendoes is very much a working breed, agile and active, in no way nervous.

It is light in bone, and has a thick, slightly wavy medium long coat, protecting the dog against bad weather conditions. All colours are permitted, but greyish to black is preferred.

Height at the withers for dogs 43-50 centimeters, for bitches 40-47 centimeters

Hollandse Smoushond / Dutch Smoushond

The Dutch Smoushond, a breed of the Pinscher and Schnauzer type, was well known especially in Amsterdam in the middle of the nineteenth century.

A companion dog, at home also in stables with the horses; cities had many stables at that time. Initiatives to establish the breed in the first half of the twentieth century did not succeed and the breed became extinct. In 1973 a breeding programme was started aiming at reconstructing the Smoushond. Physical and mental health always had priority in this programme, as well as creating a wide gene pool.

The reconstructed Smoushond is, like his predecessor, an active companion, with a rough coat in a straw colour.

Height dogs 37-42 centimeters, bitches 35-40 centimeters.

Drentsche Patrijshond / Drentsche Partridge Dog

The Partridge Dog from the Drenthe province in the north-east of the Netherlands is a pointing and retrieving dog that works at a relatively low speed in close proximity to its owner. It has a natural working ability in combination with a friendly disposition, and needs a gentle hand in training. Only since 1943 has this breed been recognised by the Raad van Beheer, due to a growing awareness regarding the value of national heritage during World War II. Breeding for hunting ability remained important, even nowadays when the majority of Drentsche Partridge Dogs live as companion dogs.

The coat is white with brown marks.

Height at the withers 55 to 63 centimeters.

Stabyhoun / Frisian Pointing Dog

The Frisian Pointing Dog is a general utility hunting dog, with excellent skills to catch moles. Its origins are in the province of Friesland, where for centuries it was popular among farmers and working people alike. In the first half of the twentieth century the Stabijhoun was often crossed with the Wetterhoun, to improve the qualities for hunting polecats. This crossbreeding endangered the existence of dogs with the traits of the original types. To preserve them, in the thirties initiatives were taken to breed the two separately. In 1942 the breeds were recognised by the Raad van Beheer.

The Frisian Pointing Dog is black, or brown, with white.

The ideal height at the

withers is 53 centimeters for dogs, 49 for bitches.

Wetterhoun / Frisian Water Dog

The Frisian Water Dog has its roots in the northern province of Friesland, a region famous for its many lakes. The breed was specialised for hunting otters, for which task it needed a certain courage and toughness. The thick and water resistant curly coat (black, brown, black with white or brown with white) is an excellent equipment for long days at the rough and cold water side. As the Frisian Pointing Dog, the Wetterhoun was also used for hunting moles and polecats. His temperament is rather aloof, which made him a good guard dog on the farm. The modern Wetterhoun is mainly a companion and when trained as a working gundog, he is used as a retriever.

Height at the withers for dogs 59 centimeters, for bitches 55.

Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje Dog is an old breed, and can be seen on several paintings by seventeenth century Dutch masters, where it is portrayed as the companion dog of a family. It was a temperamental working breed as well, used in a decoy.

By waving his tail with the white tip the dog arouses the curiosity of them and herds the ducks to the end of the wickerwork tunnel, where they can be caught.

Formerly this type of hunting was done on a large scale for duck meat. Today decoys are mainly used to ring ducks. The majority of Kooikerhondjes are now companion dogs, who need to live an active life.

The coat colour is orange red plates on a white fond. Height at the withers 35 - 40 centimeters.

Markiesje

The Markiesje, Dutch companion dog for ladies of noble birth in the eighteenth century, was forgotten by official cynology. When people began to realise that Markiesje type dogs could be lost through inactivity, a breed club was founded in 1979 to aim for restoration. In the reconstruction phase the breed club screens the whole population, which is why Markiesjes are not exported. After twenty years, the results of the breeding programme warranted recognition by the Raad van Beheer as Dutch breed number nine in the companion dog group, and approval of a standard. The Markiesje is elegant and small but in no way a toy.

The colour is black, small white markings are accepted.

Height at the withers about 35 centimeters.

The breed is not yet recognised by the FCI.

 

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